Salomón Kaplan

Agustu 6, 1922. Rovno, Ucrania - Buenos Aires, Argentina


Solomon lived with his parents and his sister in Ukraine. The war for his family began with the arrival of the first bombing in Rovno (Rivne) on November 12, 1941, where his mother was killed by a heart attack. He was part of the communist youth in his city. There, his sister met a high Russian officer, Isaac Rosenver, with whom he became a relationship. When the news of the German's advance arrived, Solomon spoke with Isaac, so that he could move him to a safer place.


Solomon got into the truck that Isaac was able to provide. The father gave him a little more money than he had from his job as supervisor of a supermarket. The great ease of learning new languages ​​plus the ones he already possessed was his main card to be able to survive what would be imposed on him from now on. The destination was a city of central Russia. His father advised him to give all the money when he arrived because in two weeks the war would end. He lived there a few days, registered in the municipality and innocently gave all his money, not knowing what was going to happen next.


His height and abilities were not suitable to go to the front, which is why he was transferred to a military school with 17 years. Their jobs consisted of performing clerical tasks. Anti-Semitism lived it every day and every night. In a physical examination, he suffered mistreatment on the part of soldiers despite his condition as a Jew. They covered the oxygen outlet of the mask, causing respiratory problems. His situation became serious and he was taken to a hospital where he was infected with typhus.


The snow covered everything there was, the cold was intense and Salomon needs to keep warm. After being cured he was transferred to Siberia to be a supervisor in a bread factory as he had knowledge in the language. His chiefs were Jewish and through them, he learned what was happening at the front.


At the end of the war, he knew that his people had been massacred and that no one was left of his family. A friend urged him to return to Ukraine. The Joint was installed in several cities in Europe and through them managed to return. The return had as a condition the passage through Poland. They had learned that the train before them had been blown by the Poles themselves. They traveled without talking, looking at the floor the whole trip. They went down in a city called Opole, a German part, where a Kibbutz was organized with a large farm, pigs, fields and self-organized. He was the organizer of workers.

Land decision

Solomon knew the whereabouts of several cousins ​​and distant relatives scattered throughout Europe. His first destination was Italy where he spent two years in a refugee camp. There he stayed with a cousin who decided to emigrate to Italy after his stay, Solomon, however, did not leave with him and moved to France where he lived for a year along with another relative. He was nowhere to be found and decided to write a letter to his cousin in Israel informing his decision to emigrate to the holy land. His cousin's response was revealing and he was again not knowing what to do. "Dear Shloime, there are three things you have to have to come to Israel, be very idealistic, physically prepared to be able to endure independence or have a lot of money. If you are not in these conditions I advise you to try to communicate with Argentina"


Salomon did not have any of those requirements and through the Joint, he managed to locate his relatives in Buenos Aires. Two brothers of his mother and two of his father had traveled after the World War I and before the second exploded. That was how in 1948 he undertook his trip to Argentina through the Joint illegally passing through Uruguay. Argentina received it with a trade of tailoring and through that, he manages to get ahead.


Through his new job and with friends in common he met his wife. They married in 1954, had three children and began working in the federal police. Today he has 11 grandchildren. It was part of the creation of Sherit Hapelitá, an association that brings together the survivors of the Shoah who arrived in Argentina.